Saturday, May 22, 2010

Budugu by Mullapudi venkataramana




Budugu is a fictional character created by Mullapudi Venkata Ramana of Andhra Pradesh in India. Budugu is a precocious and bratty child, characterised by his inimitably childish Telugu . Mullapudi describes the world as seen through his eyes with humour. Budugu has an opinion about everything. He talks about culture, raising children, politicians and the 13th table. His life time ambition is to become a jhatka(horse-cart) rider/vengine(train) driver. Recurring characters include his immediate family (parents – Radha and Gopalam, grandmother – baamma, and unmarried uncle – baabai) who live in their extended family and various neighbors like laavupaati pakkinti pinnigaru and her husband, budugu's child love si gaana pasoonamba, detective and others, who make cameo appearances.



'budugu – chichula pidugu' is the name of the serial published by 'Andhra Pathrika' in which Mullapudi Venkata Ramana introduces 'budugu'. Apparently, 'budugu' is autobiographical in nature where the author describes some of his childhood days/thoughts/happenings and the rest is all in the spirit of imagination. This collection later appeared in two volumes.

The drawings of Budugu are by Bapu, a maker of Telugu films. Bapu excels in capturing the expressions of the characters perfectly.

"Budugu" is a pet name for the child and was later used for a whole generation of children in Andhra Pradesh.

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Sweeya Charitramu - The Autobiography of Kandukuri Veeresalingam




Download Sweeya Charitramu here: 

Sweeya Charitramu Part 1  
Sweeya Charitramu Part 2

A Brief Introduction of Sri Kandukuri Veeresalingam


Kandukuri Veeresalingam (16 April 1848 - 27 May 1919) was a social reformer of Andhra Pradesh. He was born in an orthodox Andhra family. He is widely considered as the man who first brought about a renaissance in Telugu people and Telugu literature.He got involved in the cause of social reforms. In 1876 he started a Telugu journal and wrote the first prose for women. He encouraged education for women, and started a school in Dowlaiswaram in 1874. He started a social organisation called Hitakarini (Benefactor).

He had many firsts to his credit: novelist (Rajasekhara Charitra inspired by Oliver Goldsmith’s The Vicar of the Wakefiled), critic, autobiographer, biographer, essayist, poet, writer of plays and playlets, satirist, investigative journalist (One judge dispensing judgments and dismissing justice committed suicide after the expose), scientific writing. He translated many books from Sanskrit and English into Telugu. He also contributed to children’s literature by basing his children’s book on Aesop’s Fables. He was all for vernacular Telugu, which became the precursor of the language now.

In Andhra, there was no such thing as a town hall. It was he who started these town hall meetings wherein local communities could be engaged.

Veeresalingam panthulu is popularly called Gadhya Thikkana.He wrote about 100 books between 1869 and 1919 and introduced the essay, biography, autobiography and the novel into Telugu literature.

Kandukuri Veeresalingam is considered as prophet of Modern Andhra.   Veeresalingam awakened Andhras out of their suffocating medieval orthodox customs and superstitions.  He was not only a reformer, but also a literary activist. His literary activities were varied.  He was the first to write a Telugu novel (Rajasekhara Charitramu),  Telugu drama, books on natural sciences and history in Telugu, and Telugu prose for women.  He was considered the father of renaissance in Andhra.

He was a reformist writer. His initial writings were in classical style of Prabandhas. He wrote several Satakas, such as, Gopala Satakamu, Markandeya Satakamu etc. His Abhagyopakhyanamu is a humorous satire on the Andhra society. His Rajasekhara Charitramu was the first Telugu novel.

Veeresalingam was one of the greatest personalities and earliest reformers in India to demand for radical changes in Telugu Indian society.  He had a keen insight, great courage and dynamic energy.  He fought against untruth and championed the cause of progress with vigor.  He fought for education for women, and remarriage of widows.  He arranged the first widow remarriage in India on December 11, 1881.He started Vivekavardhini, a monthly journal, to point out and criticize the defects in the society.  He also maintained several other journals like Chintamani, Sateehitabodha, Satyasavardhani, Satyavadi etc., and helped develop the Telugu literature and reformation of the society.  He established in 1874 a girls school at Dhavaleswaram to encourage women's education.  In 1884, he established another school for girls at Innispeta in Rajamundry.  He also established an organization called Hitakarini Society and donated all his property for the social  activities to improve the society and support various organizations set up by him.  He ridiculed the opponents of women's education in many satires, lampoons and drama like "Brahma Vivaham." Through his writings he criticized early marriages, Kanyasulkam (price of bride) and marriages of old men with young girls.

In his last days he admired the vernacular Telugu (Vyavahara Bhasha) and the then independence movement organized by the Congress. He published the "ANDHRA KAVULA CHARITRA" (History of Andhra Poets), which is the basis for the history of Andhra and Andhra Literature.   Sri Viresalingam started the revolution to reform the then existing Telugu language usage which led to the birth of "Vyavaharaika Bhasha". This revolution was later successfully handled by Sri Gidugu Ramamurty of Parlakimedi and Sri Gurajada Apparao of Vizianagaram. Every common and ordinary Telugite should be grateful to Sri Kandukuri Viresalingam, Sri Gidugu Ramamurty, and Sri Gurajada Apparao for the fruits of their indifatiguable battle - the culture and creation of "Vyavaharika Telugu".

Had he been somehow with us now, (his 90th death anniversary is on May 27), he would have said to the girl on the Facebook, “Wow. That’s great.”

Saturday, May 8, 2010

Rajasekhara charitramu

Rajasekhara charitramu is the first novel in Telugu (though this has been disagreed in recent research on the emergence of the novel in Telugu). However, one cannot more agree that, it opened a new era in Telugu Literature and taught many how to write novels in Telugu.Kandukuri Veeresalingam (1848-1919) wrote Rajasekhara Charitamu inspired by Oliver Goldsmith’s The Vicar of Wakefied. It is a social novel.


        The Language is easy to understand. It is full of satire, and it rightly describes the Telugu traditions of those times.

Download Rajasekhara charitramu here: Rajasekhara charitramu

Monday, May 3, 2010

Krishna Paksham, Urvasi, Pravasam (కృష్ణ పక్షం, ప్రవాసం, ఊర్వశి)


Download Krishna Paksham, Urvasi and Pravasam here: Krishna Paksham

Krishna Sastri has created flutter in the world of Telugu Literature, especially in Bhava Kavitvam. A great poet like Sri Sri was also inspired by him in his early days and wrote Bhava Kavitvam. Even though Rayaprolu pioneered romantic poetry movement in Telugu poetry, it was Devulapalli Krishna Sastry who made it popular. He did not wrote voluminously, whatever he wrote is charming. Nature and Love was the dominant theme in his Bhava Kavitvam. Krishna Paksham includes Krishna Paksham, Pravasam and Urvasi.

                        Even though, Bhava Kavitvam made Telugu Poetry less pedantic and more graceful, it ignored the social changes and revolutions in the society. It did not serve any purpose for the society as it can be evident from his declaration "I shall not descend, I shall not descend from heaven to earth."

Devulapalli Krishna Sastri

                                            
Devulapalli Krishnasastri (November 1, 1897 - 1981) was a Telugu poet, playwrite and translator. He is famously known as Andhra Shelly.

Early life

Devulapalli Krishnasastri (November 1, 1897 - 1981) was a Telugu poet, playwrite and translator. He is famously known as Andhra Shelly.

Career

Devulapalli started writing poetry from a very young age. Krishnasastri's works changed significantly after he met Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore at Santiniketan in 1929.
Krishnasastri joined All India Radio in 1945 and wrote a number of plays for it.
He also translated Sri Goda Devi's Tamil Tiruppavai into Telugu Keertanaas. Other translations of Tiruppavai are available - but they are all word for word. His translation is unique because he had taken the central idea of each Pasuram, made it into pallavi and wove around it the rest of the paasuram into anupallavi and charanam(s). They were set to pure carnatic music, even as they were composed, by Amruthavalli Sundaram. The publication with notation, is Orient Longman.

Literary works

Some of Krishnasastri's famous works include :
    * Amrutha Veena (1992)
    * Sri Andallu Tiruppavu Kirtanalu (1993)
    * Meghamala (1996)
    * Krishna Paksham (The Darkening Fortnight),
    * Pravasam (Alien Residence),
    * Mahati (The Veena of Narada).

Films

He wrote about 160 good lyrics to about 70 films during the 1950s to 1970s.[4] They include Malleswari, Naa Illu, En Veedu, Bangaru Papa, Ekaveera, Bhagya Rekha (1957), Rakta Kanneeru, Bhakta Tukaram, Karthika Deepam, Gorintaku, Megha Sandesham, Sri Rama Pattabhishekam

Maha Prasthanam


Download MahaPrasthanam here:  MahaPrasthanam